Poet, literary critic, translator. He died in Kraków and is buried in the Crypt of Merit at Skałka. A participant in the November Uprising, after its fall, he stayed in Lviv, where he took part in the local literary life, an underground activist of democratic unions, a member of the Ziewonia group. In 1837-1838 he was imprisoned, escaped to France, collaborator of many magazines such as “Pszonka”, “Tygodnik literacki”, activist of the Polish Democratic Society. In 1848 he settled permanently in Kraków, joined the Kraków conservative camp, collaborated with “Czas”, was its editor, literary director, and was one of the leading literary critics. He lectured on literature at the Jagiellonian University, published “Dumki”, “Wieczory pod lipą” and others.