August Emil Fieldorf “Nil”

An officer of the Polish Army, Brigadier General, head of the Kedyw of the Home Army Headquarters, born in Krakow in 1895, died in Warsaw in 1953. During World War I, he served in the machine gun division, along with the 1st Brigade of Legions he went through the entire combat trail, reaching the rank of senior sergeant. In 1917, after refusing to swear allegiance to the Central Powers, he was drafted into the Austrian army at the liberation of Krakow. In the years 1919-1920, as a second lieutenant, he participated in fights with the Red Army. Then he settled in Vilnius, still remaining in the Polish Army, he performed various command functions. The war in 1939 became him with the rank of lieutenant colonel – commander of the 51st Infantry Regiment of Borderlands Riflemen in Brzeżany. After the September Campaign, he returned to Krakow, then to France and the Polish Forces stationed there. He was promoted to colonel and sent to the ZWZ Headquarters in the country. He became the head of the Home Army Kedyw, taking the pseudonym Nil. In addition to this activity, he worked as a railway controller or railwayman. He was involved in the secret civil and military activity of “Nie”. which was to replace the Home Army in the event of its dissolution due to the occupation of Polish territory by the USSR. In September, he was promoted to brigadier general and decorated with the Golden Virtuti Military Cross. On March 7, 1945, he was accidentally arrested in Milanówek, taken to the Urals, and passed through various camps. He returned to Poland unrecognized, he appeared in a letter a few years later. Arrested, imprisoned and sentenced to death for the liquidation of the Soviet partisans and members of the PPR, AL, GL in 1942-1944. Gen. Jaruzelski founded a symbolic tombstone in Powązki in Warsaw. In 1989, by the decision of Prosecutor General A. E. Fieldorf Nil was completely rehabilitated. In Krakow, where he lived, there is a commemorative plaque in his honor.

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