Janiszewski Tomasz Wiktor was a doctor, hygienist, social activist, professor at the Jagiellonian University and the University of Warsaw, as well as the first minister of health in reborn Poland. He was born in 1867 in Warsaw and died in 1939 in Brok on the Bug River. From 1886 he studied medicine in Warsaw, and later in Moscow. He was arrested and imprisoned in Butyrki for his political activities. After a few weeks, he was released, but was denied the right to study at any university in Russia. Later, he made numerous trips to Western countries, where he also studied.
In 1894 he came to Krakow, became an assistant at the Department of Pathological Anatomy of the Jagiellonian University, and two years later he received a doctoral degree in all medical sciences. In 1896 he became a clinical doctor in Zakopane and founded the first city hospital there. In 1909, he became the chief city physician of Krakow, organized the first in Poland dental outpatient clinic for children, created the institution of a school doctor, and built disinfection and disinfection facilities. He built a tuberculosis sanatorium in Prądnik (today one of the districts of Krakow). In 1919 he was appointed minister of public health. He founded the state Institute of Hygiene, introduced obligatory medical examinations for every new student entering the university. On the building of the Hospital of John Paul II, where the tuberculosis sanatorium used to be located, there is a commemorative plaque devoted to him.