Have you ever wondered how traveling looked like during occupation? Here you can see a part of it.
During the first Austrian occupation of Krakow between years 1796 and 1809, the city has been surrounded by trenches, and only ten departure points were guarded.
Find below the exact places where tollgates were located (of course, if you wanted to enter or leave the city, you had to pay!):
- One tollgate was on the bridge between Kazimierz and Podgórze;
- Along the old Vistula riverbed on the way to Grzegórzki village (currently district of Krakow);
- Behind the Botanical Garden, in the direction of Lublin;
- On the border of Kleparz, behind the Saint Florian church;
- At the outlet of Dluga street;
- On the way to Łobzów;
- On the way to Czarna Wieś;
- On the way to Wola;
- On the way to Zwierzyniec (also actual district of Krakow);
- On the bridge between Wawel and Dębniki;
During the second occupation of Krakow, the city was also closed, surrounded by an excised line. The number of tollgates increased to 13. Also, ships were required to pay the toll.
Before the I World War, the tollgates became unnecessary as Krakow expanded its borders and joined suburban villages to the city.