The Historical Museum of Krakow has a unique and valuable exhibit, one of the insignias of city authorities, the mayor’s sceptre. Its length is 22,8cm and it weights 429g. It is made out of silver and partly covered with gold and rich decorations. It was made at the beginning of XVI century. When mayor was at work his sceptre was laying on his table, he had to hold it in his hand while announcing important decisions, like sentencing somebody to death or selling a house. After the Partitions of Poland the sceptre was sold on auction to Jakub Mączyński, then it was transferred to Czech family and it saved it to present it in 1866 to the first president of Krakow after Galician region was given autonomy status. This new president was Józef Dietl.