A district of Krakow lying on the right bank of the Vistula. As a result of the First Partition of Poland in 1772, the Austrians took the entirety of Lesser Poland to the Vistula River, and Krakow became a border city. The area of today’s Podgórze also includes former villages near Krakow: Dębniki, Bonarka, Borek Fałęcki, Kobierzyn, Prokocim and others. In 1779, the Austrian engineer Karol de Hoefern developed an unrealized plan of the future city, which was to be built in the area of the existing settlements of Podgórze and Ludwinów. On the 24th February 1784, Emperor Joseph II elevated Podgórze to the rank of a free city and granted it a number of privileges. It was supposed to be a competitive city for Krakow. The rivalry did not take place in time – Poland fell, and then the Napoleonic wars. During the First Austrian Occupation, Podgórze was connected with Krakow by a permanent bridge, and was incorporated into Krakow for the first time in 1810. The group of historic urban buildings covers Limanowskiego, św. Benedykta, Rękawka, Zamoyski, Krakus and Węgierska, as well as the foothill market and Powstańców Śląskich and Kalwaryjska square. Podgórze is distinguished by several interesting historic buildings, such as: the Mateczny Spa Complex, the palace and park complex in Prokocim, the manor house and park in Piaski Wielkie, the manor house, park, granary, farm in Soboniowice, Park Wojciech Bednarski, the area of the Krakus Mound. Podgórze is a very industrialized part of Krakow, there are Krakowskie Zakłady Elektroniczne, Krakowska Fabryka Kabli i Maszyn Kablowych S.A., and Krakowskie Zakłady Bonarka.