The beginnings of the Polish press should be sought in Krakow. Here, from January 3 to May 4, 1661, “Merkuriusz Polski, the history of all the world within itself, closed for Informacyey pospotey”, was published. The publisher and editor was the secretary of King Jan Kazimierz Hieronim Pinocci, and the magazine was pressed in the printing house of Jan Aleksander Gorczyn on Mały Rynek number 6. However, as recent research conducted by the Polish Academy of Sciences shows, the first newspaper-like print appeared in 1525 in the royal publishing house of Hieronim Wietor. The appearance of the permanent daily press is related to the Kościuszko Uprising. The first daily newspaper in Krakow – “Gazeta Krakowska” appeared in 1796 and was published until 1848, published by Jan Maj, then Stanisław Gieszkowski and others. In the 18th century, the magazines “Krakowskie Kointelligencja”, “Collection of Weekly News”, “Monitor Różnych Ciekawości”, “Wiadomości foreignskie z Krakowa” were published. In the nineteenth century, “Dziennik Departamentowy Krakowski”, “Pszczółka Krakowska”, “Goniec Krakowski”, “Government Journal”, “Rozmaitości Krakowskie” “Morning Star”. In the interwar period, Przegląd Współczesny was published on the initiative of professors of the Jagiellonian University. Moreover, “Głos Narodu” and “Nowiny”. During the Nazi occupation, both Kraków and Warsaw were centers of the underground press. At that time, 158 titles of various political orientations were published

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