Protestants in Krakow

The year 1517 is considered the beginning of the Reformation, when Martin Luther announced 95 theses. Initially, the Reformation thought did not find recognition in Poland. In 1520, King Sigismund the Old forbade the importation of Luther’s writings, and in 1526 he was punished with the death penalty for deviating from Catholicism. The first victim of this punishment, fortunately, the only one, was Katarzyna Weiglowa  Zalaszowska, from Kraków. In 1539, for the fact that she changed her faith, she was sentenced to death by the bishops’ court and burned alive in the market square. After this event, the first discussions on the Reformation began in the city. In 1522, the first home evangelical services took place in Wola Justowska and in the neighboring Chełm. The first public service took place in Krakow in the Boner garden behind the Mikołajska Gate. The first Evangelical print was published in 1543, followed by the Catechism, and then the Postylla by Mikołaj Rej and others. In the following years, an Evangelical gymnasium was established, and after five years a cemetery was established. Despite the privilege of freedom of worship given by King Zygmunt August, the church was destroyed many times. After the fire of the Krakow church, it was not rebuilt, and the cult was moved to the nearby village of Aleksandrowice, and after further harassment, it was moved to the villages of Easter and Łuczanowice. It was only after the Constitution of May 3 in 1791 that the Evangelicals were handed over the church on Grodzka Street, which is still the seat of the Protestant congregation. An evangelical school for children was built right next to it.

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