Krakow is a city relatively poor in greenery and places to relax – it has only 2.7 m2 of greenery per one inhabitant. The oldest garden in Kraków, probably established in 1241, is the garden at the Franciscan monastery. From the 16th century, private gardens began to appear at the magnate and patrician residences. Public – only in the 19th century. Currently, there are 138 historic green areas in the city and its vicinity: 21 gardens, 7 spa and hospital parks, 40 monastery and presbytery gardens, 16 green complexes in avenue, promenade and boulevard systems, and 54 parks and gardens related to residential buildings: palaces, court and farm buildings. In total, they cover 400 ha – without Wolski forest, Sikornik, etc.

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